Guest Post by Rachel Phelps
The Consensus Forecasting Group (CFG) met this morning in Frankfort. The CFG is appointed by the Governor and consists of eight non-partisan economists charged by statute to develop budget forecasts and estimates that the Executive Branch and the General Assembly use to put together the state biennial budget. The group meets in August and October and then again at the end of the year, to meet the obligations of developing final budget estimates on or before the 15th legislative day in January.
Today's meeting consisted of a discussion of economic forecasts and then a review of the General Fund and Road Fund. The CFG also elected a new chair, Frank O'Connor, who replaced long time member and chair Lawrence Lynch. There's been some turnover on the group, as at least four new members were present at today's meeting.
The Office of the State Budget Director presented to the group using forecasting models from Global Insight. Here are the highlights:
- All Global Insight predictions on the Economy and recovery are heavily guarded by multiple caveats and the optimism is offset by uncertainty.
- KY sales and use tax receipts were down in FY13 and that represents the third decline in the previous five fiscal years. Prior to this recent run, sales tax receipts fell only one time since 1979.
- Staff explained that a possible explanation to the declining sales tax is that the areas of sales that are growing are currently excluded from the tax in KY - not included in our base. Examples are services, groceries, utilities, and prescription drugs.
- The sharp drop in coal severance tax receipts in FY13 erased all of the recessionary gains and returned the tax to pre-recession levels. You will remember that coal severance was one of the highlights in terms of tax growth for KY during the recession. Uncertainty going forward further clouds the outlook for coal.
- The individual and corporate income taxes have grown rapidly during the last three fiscal years.
- The LLET (Limited Liability Entity Tax) has doubled since the first full year of tax collections, after instituted in 08.
- KY is seeing growth in taxes based on income or gross receipts and declines in consumption based taxes.
- Since the gas tax index has been triggered, the Road Fund has grown from $1B per year to almost $1.5B.
- The Motor Fuel tax has been the only area of growth within the Road Fund.
- With the price of gasoline expected to flatten, staff predicts challenges ahead for the Road Fund and anticipate a difficult time in forecasting for the next several years.